But there's one *stoupid* thing that really puzzles me. When I
after installation, I noticed there was no pause for choosing the kernel.
I thought maybe that was because there was only one kernel installed.
[the word is 'stupid', but i understand why of your spelling]
this is cause by how grub's boot configuration file '/boot/grub/grub.conf',
is set up by default.
normally, you will find with in 'grub.conf';
default = default boot kernel.
if you have more than one distribution or more than one kernel, you change
the number to match which kernel/distribution you wish to boot.
timeout = delay time before grub starts kernel boot.
delay time in seconds
splashimage = the graphic display you see when grub is booting.
you can change this to a different image, remove it entirely, or comment out
with '#' at start of line
hiddenmenu = hides the selection menu.
hides startup menu from view. pressing <tab> reveals menu, where you
select what you want to boot
splashimage, hiddenmenu can be commented out with '#' or removed.
in each 'kernel' line, you will see 'rhgb' and 'quiet'. remove
for a 'plain text' menu. remove 'quiet' to see output lines as kernel
boots and other loading proceeds.
But, then, a new kernel arrived and nothing changed. "What if
kernel doesn't work",
when a kernel is upgraded, new kernel is added to 'grub.conf' and placed at
top position of selections. this is where you use options of setting up how
grub is configured to boot.
use this link to find more on operation of grub;
Then, yesterday, came a new kernel with a bunch of updates. I
all of them. "You need to reboot", I was told. I did, got into a 800 x 600
login screen and never could log in in graphic mode.
sounds like you were dropped to runlevel 3. after login, entering 'startx' at
command line prompt will start x server.
in file '/etc/inittab' you will find a line 'id:n:initdefault:'.
'n' is a
value that is explained in section above it.
Now, imagine a newbie coming to Fedora. A selection of upgrades is
suggested. He has absolutely no idea of what is what and just clicks
"upgrade everything". He might not even be aware that a new kernel has
this is all a part of learning linux. sad, but true.
because it is true, there are tech support list, like this one, for most,
if not all, linux distributions. plus, there is 'google linux'.
He's asked to reboot, he does, then can't log in anymore. The
broken his system!!! What's the solution?
press tab at start of boot and select previous kernel. hope previous kernel
is ok with upgrades.
If he's not completely pissed off at this stage, he will boot
LiveCD and seek help. He will, I suppose, be told to log in as root and...
with vi, modify grub. Of course, the experts giving him this advice won't
teach him how to use vi, you know command mode, insert mode and so on.
Newbies have to RTFM!!!
or ask on tsl, search on google, and check vim [aka vi] web site;
But newbie won't RTFM, he'll just fdisk /MBR . Another user
lost for Linux.
that is an unfortunate event that does happen.
I'm trying to figure out what our great experts would lose if
there was a
pause for choosing the kernel.
What's the name of the guy responsible for this mess? Can you
every programmer who writes software for linux and does not bother to
write a documentation, because he thinks his short comments are adequate.
But loudmouths keep on evangelizing that 1% of the market share after
years is a proof that Linux is doing really good...
it is higher than 1%. also, there are many web sites and isp's that hide
they are using linux by throwing out ms os identification.
Who are these everything-is-perfect loudmouths working for? Linux?
I can't help but wonder, despite the help they may provide on various
groups to make themselves a reputation, if those people are anything but
you would think so, but many of them are 'msbsos wiz kids' that have moved
into linux and think they are now 'linux guru's'. some are, many are not,
and they still use msbsos.
Linux needs a better market share and it could get it easily without
making geeks angry.
it is geeks that makes 'new to linux users' angry and disappointed.
in a free world without fences, who needs gates.
help microsoft stamp out piracy - give linux to a friend today.
to mess up a linux box, you need to work at it.
to mess up an ms windows box, you just need to *look* at it.
'Rute User's Tutorial and Exposition' http://rute.2038bug.com/index.html
'The Linux Documentation Project' http://www.tldp.org/
'LDP HOWTO-index' http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/HOWTO-INDEX/index.html