The RHEL SCAP content actually contains an OVAL test of the platform you
are on. Since you are on CentOS, rather than RHEL, all the tests in the
profile test fails and all the test evaluate as non-applicable.
*This can be fixed a couple ways.*
1) Alter the actual OVAL test to test for CentOS instead of RHEL (see below)
2) Build SCAP-Security-Guide content for CentOS from the GitHub repo
3) Take a look at https://github.com/openprivacy/ansible-scap
1) Use the CentOS quick start in https://github.com/GovReady/govready
you are working with RHEL 6.5 content.
2) I should know this, but not off the top of my head (and I have to run
out). But I believe we can now build SSG from
is very cool b/c it builds
SSG from source for RHEL 7 and it shows how to use GovReady and
OpenSCAP-ssh to remotely scan machines.
(re-posted from a previous email to list)
SCAP (Security Content Automation Protocol) is actually a set of multiple
standards and specifications that are used together to enable automatically
testing hundreds of nerd settings. Let me emphasize that: *SCAP is not a
single XML specification -- SCAP is multiple standards and specs*. Whenever
you give "SCAP Content" to a scanner to check a system configurations you
are giving the scanner multiple XML files representing multiple standards.
- XCCDF describes the checklist (Extensible Configuration Checklist
Description Format). 
- CCE are unique identifiers and descriptive material for specific
configuration settings (Common Configuration Enumeration). 
- OVAL is the XML that describes tests, including multi-part tests, that
assess if a CCE identified configuration setting is correct on a system.
(Open Vulnerability Assessment Language) 
- CPE is as unique string of text to uniquely identify a "platform" of
software, hardware, or application (Common Platform Enumeration). The idea
is that CPE string can be used to associate a checklist (XCCDF), a
configuration setting (CCE) or test (OVAL) with a specific platform. (Oy!)
And the list goes on. But to understand how to use SCAP-Security-Guide on
CentOS we only need to worry about XCCDF, CCE, OVAL, and CPE. (At least I
Almost all RHEL CCE's (config settings) and OVAL (test criterion) work on
CentOS. The exception are those settings/tests like the RHEL GPG key
installed which only make sense in relation to a RHEL subscription and do
not apply to CentOS.
So why does OpenSCAP run SCAP-Security-Guide on CentOS, but the results
come back "not applicable?" Two reasons:
1) Because the XCCDF in RHEL refers to CPE XML file that specifies RHEL and
2) Because CPE platform string is verified with an OVAL test that checks
the RPMs for platform identification.
Thus, to get OpenSCAP to work on CentOS, we need to tell OpenSCAP to use a
CPE-dictionary.xml file that includes a CPE string for CentOS *and* we need
to have a corrected OVAL test that validates we are on CentOS.
And how do we do this reliability? Part of what I'm trying to do with my
software, GovReady , is to make things like this easier.
But you don't have to use GovReady. If you read the CentOS quick start in
the GovReady README, you will see link to a CentOS ssg-centos6-cpe-oval.xml
and ssg-centos6-cpe-oval.xml file that make the necessary adjustments. You
just need to copy them to your local CentOS server and then correctly
specify their path when running OpenSCAP. Like so:
oscap xccdf eval --oval-results --profile server --cpe
Alternatively, you could manually update the CPE and OVAL XML file using
(e.g., using a sed statement).
It's still kind of confusing for me. So I hope I have the above correct.
- Making FISMA compliance easier for innovators
On Tue, Jun 30, 2015 at 5:56 PM, Bond Masuda <bond.masuda(a)hexadiam.com>
Is there a guide on how to use the RHEL SCAP content for CentOS? When I
try to use it, I get a lot of "Result: notapplicable". What needs to be
I'm using it with OpenSCAP per the manual:
# oscap xccdf eval --profile stig-rhel6-server-upstream \
--results /tmp/`hostname`-ssg-results.xml \
--report /tmp/`hostname`-ssg-results.html \
--cpe /usr/share/xml/scap/ssg/content/ssg-rhel6-cpe-dictionary.xml \
SCAP Security Guide mailing list